Articulation of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil
The Articulation of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (Apib), together with its grassroots organizations, is present at the 27th UN Conference on Climate Change to reaffirm what needs to be done to tackle the global climate crisis: RECOGNIZE AND GUARANTEE LAND TENURE RIGHTS OF OUR INDIGENOUS LANDS!
We are in Egypt with an Indigenous delegation composed of women, men and young people who live in all 6 ecosystems in Brazil. We occupy this space because we know that for our lands and lives to be protected, it is still necessary to demarcate the minds of humanity. Government representatives, activists, leaders of human rights and socio-environmental organizations need to understand and support Indigenous peoples in this ancestral mission of protecting our MOTHER EARTH.
For the whole world, this is the COP that marks the return of Brazil to the discussion and agendas on climate change, human and socio-environmental rights, after the last four years of a genocidal and ecocidal misgovernment. President Lula's election victory, supported by Apib and all its organizations, marks a new moment for Brazil on the national and international scale.
Without our territories, greenhouse gas emission rates would be even more drastic. In 2021 alone, Brazil recorded the highest increase in the dumping of CO2 into the atmosphere in the last 19 years. A total of 2.42 billion tons of these pollutants were dumped.
On the international scenario, the European Parliament is in the process of approving the anti-deforestation law (FERC) and needs to ensure traceability of commodities beyond forests. Demanding that commodities producing companies respect the preservation of our biodiversity and the rights of Indigenous peoples is crucial at this time. EU law needs to demand traceability of commodities from all native and primary vegetation. Only then the consumer markets will be taking action for a chain free of deforestation and Indigenous blood. The Cerrado, Caatinga, Pampa and Pantanal also need to be framed in the law's concept of vegetation, in addition to forests like Amazon and Atlantic Rainforest, regardless of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization's (FAO) definition of forests.
Of the promise made by countries and philanthropic institutions at the last COP26, in 2021, to guarantee 1.7 billion for Indigenous peoples and local communities, only 19% was applied. Of this amount, only 7% was allocated directly to Indigenous peoples' organizations, according to a report by the group of funders of this proposal. In other words, for another year, Indigenous peoples continue being directly impacted by the climate crisis, but without direct access to financial mechanisms to strengthen their actions to fight it.
Faced with this scenario, we, the Indigenous movement, represented by Apib, reinforce to President Lula and his entire transition team that:
- The demarcation of the Indigenous lands be placed as a central agenda in the fight against climate change by the Lula government.
- The five Indigenous lands, which have been fully demarcated and are only awaiting the homologation decree, be signed as an act of commitment with the Indigenous peoples in the first days of the government.
- The Lula government supports the inclusion of the Cerrado, Atlantic Rainforest, Caatinga, Pampa, Pantanal and Amazon biomes in the Anti-Deforestation Law of the Parliament.
- Commitment to ZERO deforestation.
- Response on the request made by Apib to the Transition Government to include the participation of Indigenous leaders in the space of construction of the transition process for rediscussion on the Indigenous agenda within the Government (Funai, Sesai...) and the recently created Ministry of Indigenous Peoples.
Along with this statement, we have prepared the following (available upon request):
- Official letter from Apib requesting participation in the Lula Transition Government.
- Guidelines for an Indigenous governance plan created by the Apib Leadership Forum.
- Apib's document on Climate Change and the Indigenous Peoples.
- Note by Apib in support of the election of the third mandate of President Lula.
Egypt, Sharm el Sheikh, 14 November 2022