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Fredericks Peebles & Patterson LLP

On Tuesday, January 21, the Bishop Paiute Tribal Council and the California Department of Fish and Wildlife signed a historic Memorandum of Agreement reflecting the understanding that each entity has its own unique authority to protect wildlife resources. At its heart, this significant government-to-government agreement acknowledges that the tribe may preserve its traditional culture and intergenerational well-being through its hunting practices.

Both the Bishop Paiute Tribe and California Department of Fish and Wildlife engaged in mutually respectful discussion and negotiation to achieve this milestone, according to the tribe in a recent statement. Chairman Allen Summers observed that California Department of Fish and Wildlife is one of the first state agencies to acknowledge the tribe’s testimony regarding why such an Memorandum of Agreement is essential for its community’s health.

“The signing ceremony was powerful,” said Fredericks Peebles & Patterson attorney Anna Hohag, a Bishop Paiute tribal member who has been working on the Memorandum of Agreement project for the past two years. “To understand the significance of this moment, you have to understand that due to the unique history of this state, many California tribes have not had the benefit of hunting and fishing rights recognized by the State of California, and therefore our experiences are different than many other tribes. In this case, the tribe’s historical relationship with hunting was almost completely cut off.”

She also noted that the Memorandum of Agreement is an important milestone for all California tribes.

“A lack of California recognition of aboriginal rights has threatened our cultural identity by cutting off access to traditional practices like hunting, fishing and gathering,” she said.

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“Just last year, Governor Newsom acknowledged the genocide against California tribes,” said fellow Fredericks Peebles & Patterson attorney James Qaqundah, who worked with Hohag on the Memorandum of Agreement project. “I know some of us wondered if his proclamation would amount to anything more than words, and I think this Memorandum of Agreement indicates that there is room for tribes and their advocates to work toward positive results with the current administration.

“More than anything, it was an incredible honor to work with the tribe on this project, and to be part of the signing ceremony,” he added.

The Memorandum of Agreement provides a process for the tribe to take up to 16 mule deer per year for cultural education purposes. Twelve of these deer are designated for individual take; four can be harvested outside the typical hunting season to further cultural education, and will be preserved and utilized at culturally significant events.

“This Memorandum of Agreement represents a big step towards restoring California tribes’ access to cultural practices and aboriginal rights,” Hohag said. “Hopefully it’s just the beginning.”

To learn more about the Bishop Paiute Tribe, visit

Fredericks Peebles & Patterson has offices in Sacramento, California; Louisville, Colorado; Rapid City, South Dakota; and Washington, D.C. To learn more, visit

Fredericks Peebles & Patterson LLP is dedicated to the representation of American Indian tribes and Native American organizations throughout the United States. Legal services include a wide spectrum of services related to Indian concerns in the areas of business transactions, litigation, and governmental affairs.

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