Indian Country Today

Tribes in Louisiana are evaluating the damage done by Hurricane Ida and at least one said the damage is "overwhelming."

One of the most powerful hurricanes ever to hit the U.S. mainland weakened into a tropical storm overnight as it pushed inland over Mississippi with torrential rain and shrieking winds, its danger far from over.

Rescuers set out in hundreds of boats and helicopters to reach people trapped by floodwaters and utility crews mobilized Monday after a furious hurricane swamped the Louisiana coast and made a shambles of the electrical grid in the sticky, late-summer heat.

Ida was blamed for at least one death — someone hit by a falling tree outside Baton Rouge. But with many roads impassable and cell phone service knocked out in places, the full extent of its fury was still coming into focus.

United Houma Nation

Prior to the hurricane making landfall, the United Houma Nation in Louisiana, urged its citizens to fill out a “check-in form” on the tribe's website. The tribe intends to use the form to most efficiently communicate with those affected by the storm and the information will also help the tribe provide data to receive relief funds. 

Through its Facebook, the tribe said it was a long weekend and a small group stayed at the tribal office to “be on the ground immediately” after the storm passed.

“The damage in our tribal communities is overwhelming and we do not yet have a full grasp on the impacts. We pray for everyone to find peace and calm in a safe place soon,” the tribe posted. “Tomorrow is time to roll up the sleeves and get to work. A small group stayed at the tribal office in Houma to be on the ground immediately. We have damage, but an intact roof. We will be working on clean up and assessing the full damage in the light of day to relay your needs to funders and other resources. Many of you evacuated out of town and are looking for word about the community. We will provide updates as soon as we can.”

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

In the neighboring state of Mississippi, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians partially activated its Emergency Operation Center on Sunday.

In an emailed statement to Indian Country Today, the tribe said it “provided shelter to those in potentially affected areas at our pre-determined shelter site. Pre-deployed resources to Tribal communities and had emergency response resources standing by."

Additionally, the tribe closed its southernmost gaming property, the Bok Homa Casino, for 24 hours but will reopen the site at 6 p.m. Monday after Hurricane Ida cleared the area with no impact on the property.

Despite the hurricane being downgraded to a tropical storm, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians remain hopeful the worst has passed.

“We are still feeling the effects of Tropical Storm Ida as she pushes through our northern Tribal communities, and we are hopeful that our Tribal lands are not heavily impacted,” the tribe's statement says. “We extend our prayers to all our neighbors and Tribes in the Louisiana regions who have been hit hard by Hurricane Ida.”

Christina Stephens, a spokesperson for Gov. John Bel Edwards, said that given the level of destruction, "We're going to have many more confirmed fatalities."

The governor's office said damage to the power grid appeared "catastrophic." And officials warned it could be weeks before power is fully restored.

"For the most part, all of our levees performed extremely well -- especially the federal levees -- but at the end of the day, the storm surge, the rain, the wind all had devastating impacts," Edwards said. "We have tremendous damage to homes and to businesses."

All of New Orleans lost power right around sunset Sunday as the hurricane blew ashore on the 16th anniversary of Katrina, leading to an uneasy night of pouring rain and howling wind.

When daylight came, streets were littered with tree branches and some roads were blocked. While it was still early, there were no immediate reports of the catastrophic flooding city officials had feared.

"I had a long miserable night," said Chris Atkins, who was in his New Orleans home when he heard a "kaboom" and all the sheetrock in the living room fell into the house. A short time later, the whole side of the living room fell onto his neighbor's driveway.

"Lucky the whole thing didn't fall inward. It would have killed us," he said.

Four Louisiana hospitals were damaged and 39 medical facilities were operating on generator power, the Federal Emergency Management Agency said.

The governor's office said over 2,200 evacuees were staying in 41 shelters as of Monday morning, a number expected to rise as people were rescued or escaped from flooded homes. Stephens said the state will work to move people to hotels as soon as possible so that they can keep their distance from one another.

"This is a COVID nightmare," she said, adding: "We do anticipate that we could see some COVID spikes related to this."

Interstate 10 between New Orleans and Baton Rouge — the main east-west route along the Gulf Coast — was closed because of flooding, with the water reported to be 4 feet deep at one spot, officials said.

An area just west of New Orleans got about 17 inches (43 centimeters) of rain in 20 hours, Greg Carbin of NOAA's Weather Prediction Center tweeted.

Amid the maze of rivers and bayous around the New Orleans area, people retreated to their attics or rooftops and posted their addresses on social media with instructions for search-and-rescue teams on where to find them.

The Louisiana National Guard said it activated 4,900 Guard personnel and lined up 195 high-water vehicles, 73 rescue boats and 34 helicopters. Local and state agencies were adding hundreds of more.

Jefferson Parish in suburban New Orleans knew of 500 people who said they were going to stay in areas that were flooded, and it began sending out dozens of boats, Parish Council member Deano Bonano told WWL-TV.

More than a million customers in Louisiana and Mississippi were without power, according to PowerOutage.US, which tracks outages nationwide. That left them without air conditioning and refrigeration in the dog days of summer, with highs forecast in the mid-80s on Monday, climbing to nearly 90 by Wednesday.

"We don't know if the damage is extensive. We don't know if the damage is something we can get up quickly," Entergy New Orleans CEO Deanna Rodriguez told WWL-TV.

The hurricane twisted and collapsed a giant transmission tower in Jefferson Parish along the Mississippi River, and the wires fell into the river, causing widespread outages and halting river traffic, parish Emergency Management Director Joe Valiente said.

The tower, which survived Katrina in 2005, is one of eight ways power is brought into New Orleans, and the failure of one of them might have led the others to shut down as well, Rodriguez said.

Other areas were also in the dark, with the storm flattening telephone poles and trees bringing down power lines.

Valiente told NPR that the entire power grids collapsed in about 10 parishes and that it could take six weeks to fully restore power.

Edwards said on Sunday that 30,000 utility workers were in the state to help restore electricity.

AT&T's phone system was down all across southeastern Louisiana. Many people resorted to using walkie-talkies. The governor's office staff had no working phones.

People who evacuated struggled to check on those who didn't leave. Charchar Chaffold left from her home near LaPlace, Louisiana, for Alabama after a tree fell on her place on Sunday. She frantically tried to get in touch with five family members who stayed behind.

She last heard from them Sunday night. They were in the attic after water rushed into their home. Chaffold tried texting, but she didn't know if their phones were dead and or service was out.

"They told me they they thought they was going to die, I told them they are not and called for help," Chaffold said.

Farther south, emergency officials had not heard from Grand Isle since Sunday afternoon. About 40 people stayed on the barrier island, which took the brunt of the hurricane and was swamped by seawater, Jefferson Parish President Cynthia Lee Sheng told NBC.

Ida's 150 mph (230 kph) winds tied it for the fifth-strongest hurricane ever to hit the mainland. Its winds were down to 45 mph (72 kph) early Monday.

In Mississippi's southwestern corner, entire neighborhoods were surrounded by floodwaters, and many roads were impassable.

Ida was expected to pick up speed Monday night before dumping rain on the Tennessee and Ohio River valleys Tuesday, the Appalachian mountain region Wednesday and the nation's capital on Thursday.

Forecasters said flash flooding and mudslides are possible along Ida's path before it blows out to sea over New England on Friday.

This is a developing story.

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The Associated Press contributed to this