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A lot of news out there. Thanks for stopping by Indian Country Today’s digital platform.

Each day we do our best to gather the latest news for you. Remember to scroll to the bottom to see what’s popping out to us on social media and what we’re reading.

Okay, here's what you need to know today:

The Apache Stronghold Spiritual Convoy to the 9th Circuit Court is underway and made a stop in Tucson, Arizona on Wednesday.

A Tohono O’odham blessing took place at the popular overlook on “A” mountain, followed by a gathering at Southside Presbyterian Church.

The spiritual convoy is underway in hopes of stopping an international mining company, Resolution Copper, and its parent company, Rio Tinto, from extracting copper from the Oak Flat campground area, 60 miles east of Phoenix.

Apache Stronghold has issued a litany of complaints, lawsuits and appeals attempting to stop the project from going through, after advocates said the late U.S. Sen. John McCain underhandedly slipped the measure into the National Defense Spending Bill in the 11th hour in December 2014.

A report released recently found that construction of the Resolution Copper Mine would take hundreds of billions of gallons of groundwater while Arizona faces unprecedented surface water supply reductions, according to hydrogeologist James Wells.

“If the Resolution Copper Mine is approved, it will commandeer a vast amount of the state’s water, leaving less for everyone else,” said Wells.

His comprehensive analysis, The Proposed Resolution Copper Mine and Arizona’s Water Future, found that the proposed mine would consume at least enough water to supply a city of 140,000 people every year for 40 years.

The spiritual convoy is set to stop at the Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community on Wednesday, the Colorado River Indian Tribe on Friday before heading to seven stops in California on the way to the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco.

On Oct. 22, Apache Stronghold’s appeal on the motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction against the United States, USDA, and Tonto National Forest will be heard. — Carina Dominguez, Indian Country Today


President Joe Biden took new steps Monday to improve education for Native students.

He signed an executive order on Indigenous Peoples’ Day that directs the secretaries of Education, Interior and Labor to lead a new initiative on education.

Biden’s executive order says that because Native students have historically faced trauma from boarding schools and assimilation, they have challenges that merit attention and action from the federal government.

The initiative will focus on understanding the systemic causes of education challenges, improve data collection, and increase the percentage of Native children who participate in early childhood programs.

One year after the order, the secretaries are required to provide a report directly to the president on the progress of the project.

The order also directs the Education Secretary Miguel Cardona to designate an executive director of the project. — Aliyah Chavez, Indian Country Today

In his history of the civil rights and land claims movement in Alaska, attorney and author Fred Paul, Tlingit, called the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 (ANCSA) the “largest peaceful redistribution of wealth in the history of mankind.”

In ANCSA, Congress created a unique solution. Instead of transferring compensation or land to tribes, both went to for-profit corporations created under ANCSA. The wealthiest of those corporations now have billions in annual revenues and fill the list of top businesses in Alaska.


To commemorate the 50-year anniversary of ANCSA, the Alaska Historical Society is hosting a series of panel discussions. The schedule shows sessions on the forces that led to ANCSA, early perceptions of the law, and observations by some who helped shape and implement it.

The conference also includes sessions on the history of mining, myths and delusions about Alaska history, art, and on Alaskan food. Registration is $50. Joaqlin Estus, Indian Country Today

It was a lifetime ago, more than 50 years now, that Jodine Grundy taught at the St. Mary’s Mission boarding school on Confederated Tribes lands in Omak, Washington.

It was 1966. Grundy was 20, an idealistic, newly minted graduate from the Jesuit’s Santa Clara University in California interested in art and social justice. Energized by the church’s involvement in civil rights issues, she jumped at a priest’s invitation to teach at the remote boarding school as a means to live out her Catholic faith and help improve the world.

Jodine Grundy, sitting in her studio in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 2021, taught art and other subjects at St. Mary's Mission boarding school on the Colville Reservation in Washington state in 1966-1967 until a bad dream and uneasy feelings drove her to resign. Greatly influenced by her dreams, Grundy painted the photo behind her inspired by a dream. (Photo by Mary Annette Pember/Indian Country Today)

It was a romantic adventure that turned sour in less than a year, forever tainting her relationship with the tenets of Catholic mission work. Today, decades later, vague misgivings and a sense of half-hidden evil linger on, resistant to time.

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Did she serve a higher calling, even during her brief time at the school? Or had she been duped into accepting a narrative that didn’t exist? She’s still trying to answer those questions. But she agreed to talk with Indian Country Today about her experiences as a non-Native teacher in an Indian boarding school to shine a light on her half-forgotten memories regardless of what she might find... READ more. Mary Annette Pember, Indian Country Today

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The University of Hawai’i is asking for input on how to use the sacred land Mauna Kea over the next 20 years.

Mauna Kea is located on the big island of Hawai’i.

It was the focus of a 2019 controversy when construction of a thirty meter telescope was slated to begin. Many Native Hawaiians opposed this project, saying they did not want the telescope to be built because Mauna Kea is a sacred place to them. It is their place of origin.

The mountain is already home to 13 telescopes because scientists say the mountain’s minimal air pollution is the ideal place to study the cosmos.

Currently the university is asking for the public’s input on the mountain’s master plan. The previous plan had a 20 year life span and is now time to be updated.

The master plan will include how the land is used from parking areas to astronomy facilities.

Hawaiians are able to submit comments online, through the mail, or a phone call with a deadline on Oct. 26. — Aliyah Chavez, Indian Country Today

The Center for Native American Youth’s 2022 Champions for Change program is accepting applications through the end of the month.

The program recognizes Native youth leaders between the ages of 14 and 24.

“Through Champions for Change, Native American youth leaders have spoken at national conferences, met with their members of Congress, mobilized their communities and continue to inspire us at the Center for Native American Youth,” Nikki Pitre, Center for Native American Youth executive director, said.

The deadline is Oct. 29. To apply, click here.


Patuk Glenn, Inupiaq, was named a conference keynote speaker by the American Indian Alaska Native Tourism Association.

Glenn, the executive director of the Arctic Slope Community Foundation, is known for her social media posts demonstrating her everyday life in the nation’s northernmost community, Utqiagvik, Alaska.

(Related: TikTok stardom, Inupiaq style)

The American Indian Tourism Conference will be held at We-Ko-Pa Casino Resort in Fort McDowell, Arizona on Oct. 25-28.

Montana Cypress was bitten by the film bug at an early age.

Although he grew up far from Hollywood in Ochopee, a small town on the Miccosukee Indian Reservation in southern Florida, he made movies on his family’s VHS recorder and later on a digital camera.

The film, "A Christmas In Ochopee," written and directed by Montana Cypress and released in 2019, features Cypress, left, in a lead role, along with actors Lavonne Andrews and Andrew Roa. (Photo courtesy of Montana Cypress)

With the primitive VHS recorder, he directed movies about “real swamp creatures like the alligators I saw everyday, and imaginary ones like Sasquatch we heard about growing up,” he told Indian Country Today recently by phone from his home in Burbank, California.

A citizen of the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, Cypress now is a rising star in California as a filmmaker, actor and producer, riding a wave of Native representation in Hollywood stirred by productions such as “Reservation Dogs” and “Rutherford Falls.” READ more.Sandra Hale Schulman, special to Indian Country Today

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