Janet McConnaughey
Associated Press

NEW ORLEANS — Texas can get up to $79 million in BP oil spill restoration money, Mississippi nearly $69 million, and Florida almost $74 million for ecosystem recovery projects and programs approved or extended recently.

Nearly $80 million more in work crossing state lines is listed among the RESTORE Council's $302 million worth of projects and programs made public in late April as part 2 in a group of proposals that brought $130 million last year to Louisiana, and $26.9 million to Alabama.

However, less than half of the total will be provided immediately. Nine of the 20 projects and programs are getting only planning money. The council said it is budgeting $161.5 million in longterm spending to put those plans into action, but they will need more evaluation and later votes.

The council, which allocates money from Clean Water Act fines paid by BP and others after the catastrophic 2010 spill, is made up of officials from the five Gulf states and several federal agencies.

Gulf-wide programs OK’d include $11.9 million to continue the Gulf of Mexico Coast Conservation Corps and $927,000 to continue the Tribal Youth Coastal Restoration Program.

“Both seek to enhance the environmental vitality of the area’s natural resources while also building the local coastal restoration workforce and giving young adults the skills and experience needed to find jobs in this field,” the council’s report said.

The Nature Conservancy, which runs GulfCorps with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, says its grant will create more than 400 jobs for young adults over four years.

“Our TNC staff has helped train the GulfCorps participants in the highly skilled areas of prescribed burning. They also participated in building a living shoreline in Biloxi,” Alex Littlejohn, state director of The Nature Conservancy in Mississippi, said in a news release. “This is an incredible opportunity for real hands-on job training in the field of conservation.”

GulfCorps works in all five Gulf states. The Native American program, sponsored by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, works on coastal tribal lands in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. It will employ about 80 high-school students each year for three years, said Nanciann Regalado, an Interior Department spokeswoman for projects related to the 2010 spill.

The Tribal Youth Coastal Restoration Program will fund projects run by the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana, Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, Seminole Tribe of Florida, Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Poarch Band of Creek Indians and the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana, according to the Interior

The Interior stated that each tribe has proposed its own unique teaching and experiential learning opportunities to prepare students to understand and respect their natural environment, such as native plant restoration, site cleanup, and water and soil sampling.

“Innovative strategies are urgently needed to help protect and enhance our fragile ecosystems. Investing in programs that simultaneously provide economic opportunities for young people and protect our environment must be part of the solution to our climate crisis,” Interior Secretary Deb Haaland said in a statement. “Interior is wholly committed to mobilizing the next generation of Americans to help protect, conserve, and restore our public lands and waters.”

Interior Secretary Deb Haaland, Laguna Pueblo, speaks during a press briefing at the White House, Friday, April 23, 2021, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

The five Texas projects include $24.3 million given final approval to plan for and buy large, high-quality coastal zone tracts including urban green corridors, riparian, prairie and other upland, wooded wetlands, or bay and chenier wetlands.

“This program aims to preserve the existing environment now rather than attempt to replace the resources once they are lost,” the report said.

Florida’s five projects include $27 million -- $6.8 million for planning and $20.3 million budgeted for later implementation of “a suite of linked, high-priority water quality improvement projects” along the Gulf Coast. Those may include stormwater treatment, wastewater reuse, septic tank abatement, sediment reduction, and land acquisition.

Alabama is leading three projects which cross into Florida and total $40 million. The biggest is $35.1 million to plan and put into effect water quality improvements in Mobile Bay and Mobile-Tensaw Delta in Alabama, and Perdido Bay and River in Alabama and Florida. That project is getting $16.1 million in planning money, with $19 million budgeted.

Alabama is also getting $1 million for more planning to improve the flow of water in Justin’s Bay, located within an island in Mobile Bay.

Mississippi’s money is going into the Mississippi Sound, with $34.6 million to plan and implement habitat restoration and more than $34.2 million for water quality improvement planning and work.

Nearly $7 million is available for planning of each project, with the rest budgeted for later implementation.

Money is coming from a trust fund set up by the RESTORE Act for 80 percent of the water pollution penalties paid after July 2012 by companies involved in the nation's worst offshore oil spill.

Eleven men died when an oil well BP PLC was drilling off Louisiana in 2010 blew wild. The gusher was about a mile underwater and spewed an estimated 134 million gallons (507 million liters) of oil over nearly three months.

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