UPDATE: This article has been updated to provide additional information about some of the students listed below.

Louellyn White
Special to Indian Country Today

They died far from home, without their families, at a boarding school they were forced to attend.

Some died at school; others died after being farmed out to Pennsylvania or New Jersey families who put them to work.

Here is a list of more than 40 children and young adults who died on outings from the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, or who died while attending the Lincoln Institution in Philadelphia. 

Their families have not been located. Their tribal affiliations are sometimes vague. Their names may have been changed.

Related stories:
A Mother's Prayer: Bring the children home
— Search intensifies for boarding school descendants
Professor answers call to find boarding school children
Rosebud ancestors buried in emotional ceremony

One student, Jacob Jackson, was sent on an outing and stayed until he was 42 years old, when he was struck and killed by a car. At least three additional youths died and their bodies reportedly sent home for burial, but that information has not been verified.

Can you help us find their families? This list will be updated periodically with new names or information, with those names marked as new or revised.

If you know of these children, contact Louellyn White at louellyn.white@concordia.ca.

Carlisle students on outings

  • Ephraim Alexander, 22, identified as Alaska Native, died Aug. 11, 1905, buried in Moravian Cemetery, Lititz, Pennsylvania
  • Taylor Ealy, 18, Zuni, died July 10, 1883, buried in Schellsburg Cemetery, Schellsburg, Pennsylvania
  • Alice Peazonni, 17, Maidu, died June 26, 1910, buried at Forks of Brandywine Church/Brandywine Manor, West Brandywine Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
  • Pauline Peazonni, 12, Maidu, died June 12, 1913, buried at Forks of Brandywine Church/Brandywine Manor, West Brandywine Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania
  • Nora Printup/Doxtator, 17, Seneca (Tonawanda), died Aug. 22, 1905, buried in Seaside Cemetery, Ocean City, New Jersey
  • Gertrude Spotted Tail, 14, Brule Sioux, died Aug. 31, 1883, buried in Byberry Meeting Quaker Burial Grounds, Byberry, Pennsylvania
  • Libbie Standing, 13, Cheyenne, died July 20, 1884, buried in Brick Church Graveyard/Church Hill Cemetery, Juniata County, Pennsylvania
  • John Walking Pipe, 24, Arapaho, died March 5, 1891, buried in Old Stone Graveyard/Slate Hill, Old Slate Hill, Lower Makefield Township, Pennsylvania
  • Jacob Jackson, 42, Mohawk/St. Regis, died June 27, 1934, buried in Old Graveyard, Carlisle, Pennsylvania
  • Unknown "Indian Girl," died about 1886, tribe unknown, buried Byberry Meeting Quaker Burial Grounds, Byberry, Pennsylvania

Lincoln students buried in Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia

  • Annie Afraid Of Bear, 16, Sioux (Pine Ridge), buried March 12, 1889
  • Frankie Staoweka Bear, 20, Pawnee/Kitkahock, buried Feb. 6, 1889
  • Hattie Hanpantanka Charco, 14, Comanche, buried March 16, 1886
  • Sophia Dahwadtes, 10, Kiowa/Comanche/Wichita, buried July 7, 1884
  • Thomas Kanitakeron Deer, 13, Iroquois/St. Regis/Mohawk, buried March 9, 1885
  • Louisa Kinyewin Farnham, 15, Sioux/Pine Ridge, buried Nov. 8, 1887
  • Ella Fisher, 8, perhaps Crow, Nov. 24, 1884
  • Cehas (Charles) Fisher, 13, Crow/Omaha/Mille Lac, buried March 6, 1891
  • Harold Mato Gay Bear Harris, 21, Dakota/Sans Arc/Cheyenne River, buried April 22, 1895
  • Harold G.B. Haines, 21, Dakota, buried April 24, 1895
  • Nettie Wanske Hansel Roubideaux, 20, Modoc/Cheyenne, buried Aug. 13, 1894
  • Charlie Washogopga Hill (Hall), 9, Omaha/Winnebago, buried March 7, 1892
  • Henry Mazatiyopa Irondoor, 20, Yankton Sioux, buried June 3, 1892
  • Jennie Oyateyuhevin Ironnest, 10, Sisseton Wahpeton/Lower Brule/Rosebud, buried March 9, 1885
  • Angie Jordan, 9, Chippewa/White Earth/Red Lake, buried Oct. 2, 1884
  • Fannie Keirk/Kirk (revised), 19, Gewaebenazseek-Chippewa (White Earth/Mississippi Band), buried Jan. 11, 1896
  • Edward Wahkish Moore, 16, Wichita/Kiowa/Comanche, buried June 21, 1892
  • Mattie Nason, 10, tribal affiliation unknown, buried Jan. 13, 1897
  • Abraham Neck (revised), 17, identified as "Dacotah Sioux,” buried Feb. 15, 1885
  • Joseph Norcross, 18, tribal affiliation unknown, buried April 6, 1893
  • Henry Shawanogunash Peake, 18, Chippewa/Mille Lac/White Earth, buried Oct. 31, 1895
  • Samuel (Hei-nun-gan) Porter, 18, Winnebago/Ogallala, buried Feb. 21, 1891
  • John Robinson Longwolf, 14, Sioux, buried Jan. 7, 1886
  • Rowland Mott Roubideaux, 1, Sioux, buried March 10, 1896
  • Etta Springer, 15, Omaha, buried April 25, 1890

Lincoln students buried in Fernwood Cemetery, near Philadelphia

  • Margaret Billings (new), 14, identified only as Native American, buried Feb. 9, 1908
  • Hattie Blackchief, 8, perhaps Onondaga (New York), buried Jan. 6, 1900
  • Mabel Bloch, 19, Cheyenne/Arapaho (Oklahoma), buried Dec. 8, 1906
  • Edward Bucktooth, 7, Seneca (Allegany, New York), buried March 26, 1900
  • Warren Clute, 12, tribal affiliation unknown (New York), buried March 17, 1900
  • John Frenchman, 14, Ho-Chunk; Omaha/Winnebego (Nebraska), buried May 4, 1897
  • Charles Levi, 8, Seneca/Tonawanda (New York), buried March 18, 1900
  • Sophia Smith, 17, tribal affiliation unknown, buried March 26, 1897
Indian Country Today - bridge logo

Our stories are worth telling. Our stories are worth sharing. Our stories are worth your support. Contribute $5 or $10 contribution today to help Indian Country Today carry out its critical mission. Sign up for ICT’s free newsletter.