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Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation, Idaho

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For 16 years, Kathy Crane thought she lived in town. She may instead be a reservation resident. U.S. Bureau of Land Management surveyors are looking at areas on the southern edge of the city limits to see if some land is part of the reservation. Crane received a letter Aug. 9 from the Bingham County Public Works Department, telling her that she could soon be leasing her land from the tribes. 'We're kind of caught in the middle,'' she said. 'The Indians deserve their due, but we bought the home and we own this land.'' Surveyors are trying to retrace how the reservation's northern boundary on the Blackfoot River has changed over the past century. A lot of places where families bought homes could have once been part of the tribal lands decreed by the federal government in the Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868 when, the river was much larger and wider. County officials say tribes can reclaim any treaty lands now developed, not miles of encroachment, but perhaps hundreds of feet. Crane said she and other homeowners felt betrayed. 'I've been paying property taxes to the county for 16 years. It looks like I shouldn't have been.''