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TUCSON, Ariz. - Many readers are aware of the proud struggle of the Chiricahua Apaches and Geronimo to protect their lands and lifestyle from Anglo invasion. This violent history was followed by an untold saga of 27 years of imprisonment and misery at the hands of the United States military and government. Henrietta Stockel, because of her long-standing relationship and study of the Chiricahua Apaches, has uncovered primary-source documentation including uncensored civilian and military reports, personal accounts and medical records that reveal the unhealthy conditions faced by the POWs as they were removed to Florida and then eventually relocated to the Mt. Vernon Barracks in Alabama. Shockingly, the documents reveal the indifference of those officials responsible for the Chiricahuas. The government bureaucracy and military officers' inability to understand the Apache lifestyle, their culture, their inability to provide a healthful environment and their ignorance of the effect of that setting, namely pulmonary disease, as it decimated the prisoner population. The documents reveal the broken promises of officials and the government as families were divided and children were sent to Carlisle, Pa. to be educated and the subsequent loss of cultural identity of those young ones. Sadly, the documents include long-distance missives sent to families regarding the loss of loved ones while kept apart. Stockel's commitment to in-depth research brings this little-known story to life. It is impossible for any reader not to empathize and feel shame regarding the conditions that Geronimo and his followers were forced to endure and it is impossible to criticize the author's bias in this regard. Despite unending medical evidence and observations, including those of a young physician named Walter Reed, the Chiricahua were not removed to the healthier Fort Sill, Okla. location until disease had killed nearly half of them and families had been irrevocably torn apart. This important volume of Apache history is compelling because of the accuracy and comprehensive nature of the primary source documentation that was revealed by Stockel and her commitment to study those stories that are still hidden in the past. Stockel holds a B.A. from Columbia University. She is the author of seven previous books about the Chiricahua Apache and other American Indians including "Medicine Women", "Curanderas and Women Doctors" and "LaDonna Harris, A Comanche Life." She is co-founder and former executive director of the Albuquerque Indian Center. Stockel currently teaches ethnohistory of the Chiricahua Apache at Cochise College in Sierra Vista, Ariz. For more information, write The University of Arizona Press, 355 S. Euclid, Ste. 103, Tucson, AZ 85719 or visit

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