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Sacred Sites: Loyal Creeks Sites to be Commemorated


In 1861 “Loyal Creeks” battled Confederate forces around Oklahoma to gain promised federal protections in Kansas. As part of the 2011 National Days of Prayer to Protect Native Sacred Places, the Inter Tribal Sacred Lands Trust will conduct observances at four locations where battles took place.

When the “Loyal Creeks”—a group of 12,000 Muscogee, Euchee, Seminole, Shawnee, Delaware and Kickapoo, as well as free blacks and slaves—discovered federal treaty obligations couldn’t be provided where they lived, they fought back.

The first conflict happened west of what is now Beggs, Oklahoma; the second was north, just south of what is now Cleveland, Oklahoma.

The third conflict happened at the horseshoe bend of Bird Creek outside what is now Turley, Oklahoma. According to the National Prayer Days press release, the Confederates won the second and third conflicts, and quickly overran the “Loyal Creeks” defenses again during the fourth and final conflict which occurred in a rocky hollow above Battle Creek, northwest of what is now Skiatook, Oklahoma.

“Muscogee oral history preserves the image of women picking up their cast iron skillets and swinging them at the horses and gunmen,” reads the press release. “No other Native and black armed alliance on this scale has ever occurred. It is quite likely that more women and children were killed on that one day of the final battle than in the rest of the Civil War.”

The sites of these conflicts are not protected by any federal, state or local laws, but the Inter Tribal Sacred Lands Trust is trying to change that by having them added to the Fort Scott National Historic Site.

For details on the commemorations, contact Robert W. Trepp at the Inter Tribal Sacred Lands Trust at