Indigenous Youth Help USFWS Restore Fish Passage on Cochiti Pueblo

Native youth working with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to restore fish passage on the lower Santa Fe River on Cochiti Pueblo.

Ask a group of teenagers their idea of fun and you might get answers like hanging out with friends, dodging opponents during a game of laser tag or playing their favorite video games. But for a group of Native American youth from several of New Mexico’s pueblos, fun meant working outside on a warm, sunny day hauling tons of rock with other tribal youth, community volunteers and staff from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in an effort to restore fish passages along the lower Santa Fe River on Cochiti Pueblo.

Above the loud crunch of gravel being shoveled into buckets, with sweat dripping from their brows, their hands rough from a full day’s work of loading and unloading bucket after bucket of crushed rock, one could hear the laughter and camaraderie of the four Tribal Youth Conservation Corp (TYCC) team members: Emmanuel Yepa, 16, of Cochiti Pueblo/Northern Cheyenne; Kuien Quintana, 17, of Cochiti Pueblo, Dominic Bailon, 18, of Santo Domingo Pueblo and Xavier Lovato, 17, of Santo Domingo/Cochiti Pueblo. While fully enjoying and living in the moment as they stabilized the riverbank under the watchful eye of their project advisors, these tribal youth TYCC also have a keen focus on their possible future natural resource careers.

“I really enjoy this type of work here on the river,” said TYCC member Kuien Quintana. “I’m hoping for a career down the road where I get to work in the outdoors. That would be cool.”

Photo: USFWS

TYCC member Dominic Bailon, center, loads up buckets of rock alongside NMFWCO staff members Jason Davis, right, and Kjetal Henderson, left, during a Fish Passage project on the lower Santa Fe River on New Mexico’s Cochiti Pueblo.

The TYCC group, along with a crew of nearly 20 people, including staff from the USFWS New Mexico Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office (NMFWCO) and tribal volunteers, worked to construct low-water fish passage stream crossings and created habitat restoration in order to reduce erosion and river disturbance caused by motorized vehicles and cattle. This three-mile section of the river is home to a small population of Rio Grande suckers and provides habitat for wildlife. Elementary school students previously planted native plants such as long-leaf cottonwoods, roses and willows along the banks, and the pueblo hopes for the potential reintroduction of Rio Grande Cutthroat trout in the river, which was abundant on Cochiti Pueblo prior to the construction of Cochiti Dam in 1969.

Started in 2012, the Tribal Youth Conservation Corps is a USFWS program geared toward Native American high-school students who work on natural resource conservation projects. TYCC programs are hosted by tribes and hire tribal youth to work on their land. Here at Cochiti Pueblo, the program is headed by Kai-t Blue-Sky, a wildlife biologist with Cochiti Pueblo Department of Natural Resources and Conservation. Chris Kitcheyan, NMFWCO fish biologist, serves as TYCC program advisor.

Through collaboration with NMFWCO, the Pueblo hopes to establish an outdoor classroom for Native American youth emphasizing not only conservation practices but also culture and language. Tribal elders and members of the tribal community will be involved in the development of the course’s curriculum.

“Ancestrally [the Pueblo people] were farmers, and many Pueblo still farm, so it is always culturally important for us to protect rivers and waterways,” said Dominic Bailon. Bailon plans to use his experience in TYCC to aim toward a degree in environmental science or wildlife biology and give back to his community.

The main components of the TYCC program are science, culture and personal growth, explained Blue-Sky. The lower Santa Fe River project is one of four that the TYCC will conduct on tribal land this year, he said.

“It is so important to these kids to be involved in the restoration of this area because it means so much. The land, the river, the fish and wildlife—it’s all part of who we are,” he said. “They now understand the value of being proactive and seeking engagement with outside agencies in order to work together towards conservation projects. And this at least puts the seed in their heads that they could actually do this for a living.”

Kitcheyan stressed the importance of the TYCC program in small pueblo communities such as Cochiti, population 500 on the pueblo and another 500 living off the pueblo.

“It is a huge source of pride for these kids. They are getting attention for all the right reasons,” Kitcheyan said. “It allows kids to work on their homeland. They are working for their community and are seen by their community members as potential natural resource managers.”

Prior to the Fish Passage program, staff from NMFWCO would go out after hours and meet Native youth and demonstrate unique activities such as electrofishing and help them discover the natural world around them. Eventually off-duty activities led to official TYCC projects. Such activities, and the eventual creation of the TYCC, help forge strong, trusting partnerships with tribes.

“As an agency, when you show tribes that you’re interested and you are willing to work and take that extra step, that extra mile to earn their respect and trust, it truly opens doors and breaks down barriers,” Kitcheyan said.

Kitcheyan, a member of the White Mountain Apache Tribe and former Youth Conservation Corps participant, said TYCC helps instill the importance of their Native culture, self-repect, self-confidence, how projects apply to their culture and the value of that culture.

“We also try to help them get that first step toward where they want to go in the future, and that really helped guide me toward a now 19-year career with USFWS when I was in the YCC,” he said.

As the sun began to sink in the sky and the 80 tons of rock were evenly spread out on the riverbank, TYCC member Xavier Lovato flipped his bucket over and took a well-deserved rest. Only after the labor was complete did Lovato reflect upon his work.

 “We’re leaving something for the future, so we can come back when we’re 30 and say ‘Hey, I did this,’ ” Lovato said, with a huge grin from ear to ear. 

Photo: USFWS

TYCC members from left) Dominic Bailon, Emmanuel Yepa, Kuien Quintana and Xavier Lovato take a short rest during work on a Fish Passage project on the lower Santa Fe River on New Mexico’s Cochiti Pueblo.