Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribes, Nevada

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Owyhee County in Idaho has signed on with rural counties in Oregon and Nevada to do battle with the federal government over public land issues. Tired of bureaucratic struggles with the Bureau of Land Management, seven counties and the tribe formed an alliance to urge Congress to help bring a halt to what they call federal abuse. County officials charge their tax bases continue to erode because of federal actions and schools, roads and public services feel the impact. Locals are concerned the administration wants to quickly convert federal land from multiple-use designation to nonuse, or establish wilderness or national monuments without going through Congress through executive order under the 1906 Antiquities Act. They accuse the agencies of not following their own regulations and listening first to environmentalists. Ranches complain their only recourse is lawsuits.