Don’t Be Fooled: Latino = Indigenous

Indian Country Today

Don’t Be Fooled: Latino = Indigenous

Late last night, my father and I talked about how the ethnic term Latino mislabels Indigenous and mixed-Indigenous people from Mexico, Ecuador, Puerto Rico, etc. For a long time, we believed Latino and Hispanic correctly defined the Spanish-speaking mixed-Indigenous and Indigenous people in Latin America.

As we crossed the George Washington Bridge, I wondered, Why is this so? I mean it’s true. We do speak Spanish and we practice Spanish culture. But we also come from a land that is still governed by our Indigenous relatives. I thought hard about how to politely counter argue his belief. His opinion. His Latino identity.

“So I guess this means Filipinos are Hispanics or Latinos, too, right?” I said. “Think about it, they have Spanish names. They speak Spanish. They probably dance to Spanish music, too.”

He laughed at me. He said, “They are Asians, though. You can’t confuse their race with Spanish.”

“Exactly, so why are we the only ones considered Latino or Hispanic? Some of us are Indigenous, right? Think about it, papa. We are Guayakos and Manabítas. We come from family clans that stretch back for thousands of years of Indigenous tradition.”

“Well..” he stammers. “I would say, we’re Ecuatorianos.”

Latino or Hispanic is a term coined by the United States to identify Spanish-speaking people coming from south of Mexico. The reality is Spanish-speaking people from Latin America come from a variety of racial and cultural backgrounds. We are like a rainbow.

However, since 2011, Latinos or Hispanics now start to identify as Native American, census shows. Even the New York Times features their article on the cultural change and perspective of Indigenous identity among mestizos, mulattos, and Indigenous people.

Also, Latino comes from the root word Latin which corresponds to the nations that used to form the Roman Empire: Spain, Portugal, Romania, Italy, and France. According to El Boricua, “ The word Hispania thus refers to the people and culture of the Iberian peninsula, Spain in particular. The term Hispano (Hispanic) later was used in referring to Spain and its subsequent New World – New Spain, conquered territories which covers most of Latino America.” The white-mestizo society or descendants of Spanish relatives can claim these labels to themselves.

But Latino is not a person who only looks Mexican and speaks Spanish. Many of us come from mixed-Indigenous heritage and some of us are Indigenous, too. For example, Ecuador is home to 30+ Indigenous nations and a home to 8 million descendants of the Quitu-Shyri and Spanish ancestry. It’s also home to 1 million Euro-Ecuadorians and 1.3 million Afro-Ecuadorians. However, the 8 millions Ecuadorian mestizos form part of the rainbow colors of the Indigenous race mixed with the Spanish and the African cultures. In Ecuador, we say “tenemos la pinta ecuatoriana” (we have the Ecuadorian look) because some of us are brown, have black hair, and some, more than others, inherit the Atahualpa face, our last Tawantinsuyu King in 1535. We also dance to merengue and reggaeton, but we blast to Indian music and do the round dance, stomp the floor, swing the skirts, and chirp like the Curiquingue and Quinde birds.

Ecuadorians make up the majority of mixed-Indigenous and Indigenous population, among other groups like Afro-Ecuadorians and Euro-Ecuadorians, who re-invent a fusion of all cultures, languages, and religions, yet preserve their Indigenous ethnicity, traditions, and roots simultaneously.

The Idle No More Movement is an excellent example of how Indigenous people in North America unite to stand up and fight for their culture, land, and identity against a people who think it’s okay to walk over Indigenous people with mascot names and Halloween Indian costumes. I also think the Idle No More Movement should include Indigenous people and mixed-Indigenous people from Spanish-speaking nations as an effort to collaborate, unite, and support one Indigenous people across both continents.

Do we call an African-American a Britannic because he or she speaks English? Do we call an Arab an Amish because he or she looks white? Why don’t we call Euro-Americans “mixed” or “mestizos” because they also have Irish, Italian, German, African, and Indigenous blood, some more than others? However, there is no debate about our differences. We come from different nations, backgrounds, religions, cultures, and so forth. But the key point is to co-exist in peace and respect each other. The principle is to not step on people’s sacred space without asking their permission. The Indigenous space has been repeatedly trespassed and disrespected in the Americas.

I can only speak of what I‘ve seen in Ecuador. In Ecuador, the label Mestizo provides an opportunity for Indigenous people to climb the social ladder. In order for them to not be hated, insulted, harmed, put down, ashamed, physically assaulted, and to some extent, massacred in ethnic and cultural genocides, the ethnic label “mestizo” provides a convenient strategy to avoid all of the aforementioned complications. However, Indigenous people should not feel obliged to make the switch from Indigenous to Mestizo because of the shame with their Indigenous identity. Their culture is as beautiful as that of the African-American, European-American,and Asian-American.

In Santa Elena, Ecuador, we identify as Indigenous people. We go by “cholo comunero," and some, more than others, by “Wankavilka” to emphasize their ethnicity. The Ecuadorian government sends us a census that provides three options: white, black, and Mestizo. We are forced to put mestizo even though in our hearts we know we are Indigenous to our ancestral lands and cultures, but this mislabel affects new generations of youth who start to distance themselves from their Indigenous heritage and encourage outsiders to expropriate our lands because we do not “voluntarily” identify as Indigenous. (Original Source in Spanish). Therefore, in this case, the mestizo concept does not equally glorify two cultures, but only the dominant European one. It serves to disenfranchise Indigenous people in Latin America. In a parallel comparison, there are Latinos, (Indigenous Spanish-speaking people from tribal nations in Latin America who migrate to the United States), who do not want to identify as Latinos and Mestizos but are forced to because it’s the only option.

Appropriating a local tribe that is not yours is also NOT the respectful manner to go about this either. However, US census should provide an ethnic label that speaks for Mexican, Central, and South American Indigenous people. This also gives an opportunity for mixed-Indigenous people to learn from their culture via Indigenous groups in United States settings. Because as mixed-Indigenous people from Spanish-speaking nations, we have a right to learn about our Indigenous past that includes everything before 1492. Our nations started way before the colonial contact.

Imagine what would happen if mixed-Indigenous or Indigenous Ecuadorians, Mexicans, Guatemalans, Salvadorans, Peruvians, Bolivians, among other Spanish-speaking nations re-identify with their Indigenous roots, how would that cause a chain reaction in Latin America and how would that redefine our culture, our history, and our thought process?

Comments (125)
No. 1-43
demzeo
demzeo

This is such garbage. While “Hispanic” is a term with origins in the US census! “Latino” was coined by the French with intent to create an identity more favorable for imperialism back in the day. But beyond that, the author is unclear as to what constitutes Native identity and status. It is insufficient to say that having ancestry equates a person to being Native, or else we’re back to Elizabeth Warren’s BS. Let’s be clear, diasporic Latinxs, Chicanxs, and even mestizxs in Latin America are NOT Native. The belief that indigeneity comes from ancestry, where percentages of raciality matter is some Eurocentric, colonization garbage. Latinxs have become so assimilated into manifestations of whiteness throughout these centuries that is is inconceivable anybody would accept Indigenous claims like that. Indigenous status comes from significantly more than racist blood quantum associations. This article only serves to further a conversation about self-indigenization that marginalizes Natives, dilutes Native issues, and colonizes Native spaces, all of which are dangerous to Native communities. Please take your Nican Tlaca aspirations elsewhere.

tom m
tom m

This an interesting discussion, lots to learn and think about. WRT central and south America, the history and example of Paraguay is interesting. About 95% of the population speaks Guaraní, the indigenous language, to this day.

Historically, Guaraní has been the language of home and hearth, and Spanish the language of commerce and government (and the Catholiic Church). This is due to a colonial anomoly of the first Spanish criollos to rebel against Spain. The new leader required that Spanish men marry their indigenous women, and that the country blend the two cultures. This contrasts with the experince of many other countries in the region, which often established and maintained a social hierarchy based on “race” as conceived by the Spanish. This is a simplificatoin, but I encourage readers here to read up on the country’s history. I look forward to further comments.

Brand new, anglo reader here, though have read Indian Country for some years. Thanks for reading.

Xennos
Xennos

Latino = Indigenous is totally misguided. It is a term used the USA but is replaced by the term Hispanic today. All people of Spanish, Native American and African and mixed race origin from Latin America are Latinos. This does not include Filipinos nor other Asians so let's not make up nonsense.

rere_a40
rere_a40

Not Latinos Spaniards the latinos are a mixed from natives and Spaniards. Just like the Natives in USA which are mixed European and Native to this day would they be lumped in with Columbus? No but now that there is a movement for "Mexicans" which is America as well to reconnect and reclaim their roots they are lumped in to the oppressors and by other natives this is a shame. I am just learned that my Family is Tarahama and I do have 54% native blood! More than thoes who claim a tribe and tribe clams the at a quarter of blood.I will claim mixed race Including Native American! Because USA is not solely AMERICA. All our ancestors once travelled, hunted anywhere then borders were placed and that is how we all got placed in different areas, I would what some would say if they were born on the opposite side because of the borders placed or what our ancestors would say about the current argument who is native enough or not! The only way to stand strong is to unite and not become the oppressors to eachother. A nation divided is as strong as its weakest link.

rere_a40
rere_a40

The destruction of Indigenous tribes in Mexico was horrendous so much that many people do not know their roots and if they are learning that , they should be able to do so without being oppressed. Especially if you do have family and you find out then you should be able to re content and now have to stay assimilated. Nowadays even if many people say they are 100% something if they take the DNA test I can guarantee you that they are mixed with some kind of blood. There are many USA natives that are mix currently should they no longer claim their tribe because now they're mixed that's ridiculous if they are able to claim theirs and many people that have roots in Mexico are learning about their indigenous roots who's to stop them nobody's going to stop me and nobody's going to tell me a dam thing about what I can or cannot claim. And just like the natives in USA many natives in Mexico that is part of America as well went through the same struggles the same rape the same destruction of their culture of their beliefs of their language of their identity and it still goes on to this day. So to say that there is nothing in common is ridiculous this for someone who is not knowledgeable.

10 Replies

Redlanduk
Redlanduk

You can tell Mexicans are mostly made up of indigenous ancestry, compare a Spaniard next to a Mexican and although not every time, mostly you will see a difference in skin tone and facial features. The eye shape is one example, many Mexicans have almond shaped (almost asiatic) eyes and very strong jaw lines.

For example:

Pics of Mexican men

Pics of Spanish men

How can no one in america see that there is a huge difference in ethnicity, I dont mean to be rude but as a European I'm genuinley interested.

NKent805
NKent805

Being Mixed isnt the issue, the issue is Mexicans and Mexican Americans have no Native culture, their ancestors were detribalized early on in the colonization of Mexico by the spaniards. They have no idea what tribe they belong to, because they are a mixture of different tribes. The problem is they come to the USA and expect to be accepted as indigenous to our lands when they are not. The Native Americans in the US Know exactly who their ancestors were, What lands they inhabited and what languages they spoke, and they were never assimilated in the American mainstream culture.

NKent805
NKent805

They have indigenous ancestry but also European, and they have no idea what tribes they belong to. They are descendants of multigenerational couplings of mextizos that gave up their tribal identity hundreds of years ago. That is the difference between Latinos and Native Americans from the USA. It has nothing to do with Blood or DNA.

NKent805
NKent805

For the most part the Indigenous Mexicans that come here to the USA do not want to be considered indigenous, its the Mexican American Mestizos and Castizos who think they should be considered Native American, when they are so far away from any Native ancestors its not even funny. Their culture is not even Indigenous but Spanish.

agirliknow
agirliknow

Let's not forget that the border crossed Mexico, so you can't lump all Mexicans into a category of "having come here". Also - a lot of Latinx are still connected to their Indigenous roots. Not everyone was mixed 500 years ago so you can't lump every country together or every single person into the same box. It's like saying all Natives are ___ when from one to the next, each person is very different.

CookiegalPaints
CookiegalPaints

Crazy how people don’t know about trade routes here but are taught about trade routes for the silk trail. Please find information on facts. Aztecas and Mayan made mounds and buried their dead in the plains. Jamestown North Dakota has some and DNA proves it. I think this world is a lot smaller than most think.

CookiegalPaints
CookiegalPaints

I need to find my pictures I took of artifacts and paintings in the pyramids near Puabla , Pue Mexico. I see so many similarities. Even the food and how they prepared it and ground it up. I use to find grinding stones in rock piles in the fields in North Dakota and many questions were answered visiting there. Saw similarities and differences. Some of the same stories and beliefs they tell even if in Spanish slang.

NKent805
NKent805

Aztecs and Mayans have nothing to do with the Plains of the USA, or any Mound building cultures. This is just a Aztlan Mexican American fantasy! It’s as dumb as saying the Lakota when to Mexico and built the Mayan , Olmec, and Aztec pyramids and temples! Latinos are not indigenous to the US tribal territories! Are you being deliberately obtuse or are you just dumb? I mean god! If it was as simple as that, Then I would claiming I have a right to claim citizenship ship in Mexico and Guatemala because I have indigenous blood! You Latinos, Chicanos and the like are delusional!

NKent805
NKent805

You are forgetting that the Mexicans were Colonizing invaders who colonized countless Native American tribes and forced them into catholic missions in the American Southwest for the benefit of Spain and Mexico, like the Apache, Pima, Yaqui, Papago, Hopi, Zuni, Tongva, Chumash, Salinian, Esselen and Ohlone , Navajo Nations. Mexico invaded, enslaved, raped, and infected with diseases they were immune to from their European ancestors. They colonized land that didn’t belong to them, and then lost it too the Americans. It wasn’t yours to begin with, and you have no right to it now! Most of these tribes were decimated by 200 years from Spanish conquistadors and their Mexican descendants, and then Yankees from back East.

noname253
noname253

Sadly there is a lot of racism that in Indian Country against our Latino neighbors, but I'm guessing you're not even enrolled in a tribe by the way you refer to Natives as "them". It clearly sounds like when you wrote this you were just bitter. Native American can mean an ethnic, cultural and/or political identity-it's not just a government designation or a special club you belong to. Ethnically, indigenous people south of the U.S. border are indeed Native American. Culturally and politically, though, they are not by US. tribal definition, but generally speaking they are. It's not a black and white issue and there is no right or wrong answer.

rere_a40
rere_a40

latino/Hispanic/Mexican all made up words to destroy the indigenous peoples of North America! Are keep a separations of all Natives. The roots of Mexico is Indigenous! Yes many are mixed but there are many that never assimilated unlike the natives of USA. Many Native Tribes stay away from other cities, yes the speak Spanish but everyone in USA for the most part speaks English even natives of USA. To think only the Natives in USA were Rape/ Murdered/ Enslaved is pure ignorance! The same oppressors that traveled USA went to Mexico as well and did the same thing there. They didn't distinguish a different in our Ancestors as some nowadays want to! To think that currently on the Natives in USA are being tooken advantage of lands stolen and promises broken or oppressed to this day is pure one sided ignorance! As the Natives in Mexico are being raped/ treated as second class/ oppressed to this day as well. If you don't hear the news or make an effort to learn about anothers struggles yet claim no one understands the USA Natives that is ignorant. There is a beautiful dinè (Navajo) soul named Lyla June that makes it possible for thoes with Natives American roots " because Mexico is America!" To feel welcome and strong to learn and connect with others, so all tribes can stand together as a closed first! ✊ and reclaim all that was tooken not only LAND! But all!

rere_a40
rere_a40

Because a people have become so ingrained in a captures world never means that many generations later we can not find our way back! Yes my people are from The Area of Mexico Tarahumara People, I am learning and yes I have the right to reclaim my people. Being more doesn't erase who you are just like being born in USA doesn't erase people of who you are. So yes the generation finding there true roots can say they are Native Americans! Why 1st Mexico is part of America oh and they are Native. Second because they are reclaiming what was stolen from them/us to know our roots are Language our true connection! To oppress a " Latino/Chicano/Mexican" is to oppress what you yourself fights for. So thoes like me who find out we have belongings to a people and have 54% blood or more and just learning our language,culture, prayers ect should be left alone or walked by. Remember that Almost every state in USA use to be Mexico! That means if you are claiming your people have been in your state for generations! Gues what it was Mexico when they were there. Please stop and see that all nations struggle, but to divide ourselves all more than the boards and captures have done will not help to reclaim anything. Remember before the divisions of borders we were free to travel, hunt, live in peace from south to far north and east to west, then the division came and why are we still fighting against each other, bet that saddens the past to see the future. Again America spans more then US stop and think! Alaska, Canada Puerto Rico Ecuador, Mexico and so many more Nations of Natives that is going to be a beautiful gathering when we can expect one another. Oh and everyone is mixed even if you say your not! There are 54 tribes in Mexico alone! Not including the other Nations Imagine if we could all come together the strength in that.

Nikita
Nikita

Well then. American also means indigenous. Cool, we're all indigenous. No, we are not, and neither are you.

Redlanduk
Redlanduk

I understand and agree with the main point of this article but there are few glaring inaccuracies. Spaniards are WHITE Europeans why do people from the Americas not understand that?! Also the term Latin does not necessarily refer to countries which used to be part of the Roman empire, Britain and Germany were part of the Roman Empire and they aren't considered Latin cultures. Decent journalists research the topics they write articles about, it looks awful when they dont.

CookiegalPaints
CookiegalPaints

Facts are that even in Jamestown ND they have found remains in the mounds with DNA linked to Mayan and the Aztec from 2000 years ago. When asking the locals they knew of them but if I remember right. They had called them the forgotten. When going to Mexico or other southern countries. They have other languages and different customs. My husbands family were called the red skins but i can’t spell how they pronounce it. I hope they start taping and recording their native language, stories and songs. Listening to them is incredible. I encourage the younger generations to speak your languages to your children. Never loose your words or voice only people in your area understand. It is important.

IUIC-144k
IUIC-144k

Message to the decendents of the Slave Trade Do NOT be fooled! You so called Blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans are the biblical Israelite! Those that fit the curses of Deuteronomy chapter 28 verses 15-68 are the childern of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, The 12 Tribes Of ISRAEL! Shalom, Israel

IUIC-144k
IUIC-144k
rere_a40
rere_a40 said: Because a people have become so ingrained in a captures world never means that many generations later we can not find our way back! Yes my people are from The Area of Mexico Tarahumara People, I am learning and yes I have the right to reclaim my people. Being more doesn't erase who you are just like being born in USA doesn't erase people of who you are. So yes the generation finding there true roots can say they are Native Americans! Why 1st Mexico is part of America oh and they are Native. Second because they are reclaiming what was stolen from them/us to know our roots are Language our true connection! To oppress a " Latino/Chicano/Mexican" is to oppress what you yourself fights for. So thoes like me who find out we have belongings to a people and have 54% blood or more and just learning our language,culture, prayers ect should be left alone or walked by. Remember that Almost every state in USA use to be Mexico! That means if you are claiming your people have been in your state for generations! Gues what it was Mexico when they were there. Please stop and see that all nations struggle, but to divide ourselves all more than the boards and captures have done will not help to reclaim anything. Remember before the divisions of borders we were free to travel, hunt, live in peace from south to far north and east to west, then the division came and why are we still fighting against each other, bet that saddens the past to see the future. Again America spans more then US stop and think! Alaska, Canada Puerto Rico Ecuador, Mexico and so many more Nations of Natives that is going to be a beautiful gathering when we can expect one another. Oh and everyone is mixed even if you say your not! There are 54 tribes in Mexico alone! Not including the other Nations Imagine if we could all come together the strength in that.

For more information www.israelunite.org will have your questions answered!

Damiana
Damiana

For more than just claykid but anyone fiercely objecting to this idea that SOME Latinos are indigenous: Thing is, many indigenous people in central and South America DO still live with their traditional indigenous cultural ways, so making a broad sweeping statement that Latinos are not indigenous is not accurate whatsoever and arrogant. I sort of get where you’re coming from along with other posters about being indigenous being a cultural thing not genetic, but dang....you’re denying two things:

  1. many MANY people living in central and South America, STILL live many of their traditional cultural ways as indigenous people. (Guatemala, Chiapas, Amazon, Peru, Bolivia etc)
  2. by excluding some Latinos from exploring more or reclaiming their indigenous cultural background, say if they are mostly indigenous but aren’t living it fully, is negating the fact that their culture was stolen from them by colonizers, not unlike indigenous people in North America. They never had a choice about it, like for instance, native Americans who were forced into residential schools thus having their culture forced out of them for many generations to come and later reclaimed their culture. Why then would any of you, deny their interest in reclaiming their cultures when you know firsthand what it’s like to suffer under the thumb of colinization?
    This is SO disheartening to read and I believe just a continuation of the racial hierarchy that was started by European people long ago. All of this is! This whole you’re enough, you’re not, blood levels vs. culture business. Gah! Remember ALL indigenous people lived under the thumb of the European colonizer oppressor and lost a certain amount of who they are.....why deprive anyone of reclaiming that even a little? How do you know they don’t suffer from inter-generational traumas? How do you know who they are today isn’t a result of some crypto-cultural ways that went underground to survive but got morphed into modern traditions? (Smh)....baffling. Fighting each other won’t get anyone anywhere. Just saying. (Yeah yeah I’m sure I’ll be attacked for daring to speak up). Sigh....
TheVietnamese702
TheVietnamese702

This article is so poorly researched That it becomes ironic. You talk about how natives misused terms and are the ignorant of their history and culture etc etc yet most of what you wrote has so many inaccuracies...

  1. Philipinos are not considered Latin because they dont speak a latin language and the culture is only partially latin(their culture is south east asian with a christian flare thats it) they have spanish surnames because of colonism but are not considered hispanic because THEY DONT even speak spanish(the speak hundreds of different austronean languages like tagalog etc etc) a simple search before writing your article and you would of known that...
  2. Latin comes from the european latini tribe of latio/lazio region of what is now Italy who later formed the roman kingdom/repubic and empire later on in history. It did not start with Rome... but I know what you mean.
  3. You are confusing the term brytannic and British....brytannic refers to the Britons of ancient Britannia who were a CELTIC speaking people(think ,welsh,cornish and scottish) who in their language breigthan means brother/compatriot etc.. The English or rather the Anglis/Angles who came with the juts and saxons who formed the anglo-saxon were west GERMANIC tribes who conquered Brithannia and assumed the title kings of britain(hence the term british and great britain, used as a nationality not an ethnicity or race...they are not ethnic britons, the different is like the term American and NATIVE American....if you catch my drift. Brithannic(celtic peoples) English(Anglis)England(Angle-land) are (Germanic people)...not the same.
    Fun fact: The U.k means the united Kingdom because it is made up of many different nations and peoples(Kingdom of ireland,kingdom of scotland,kingdom/princedom of wales,dukedom of cornwall, princedom of Mann and several smaller states who united and intermarried for form the UK in the late 1600s etc...so im kind of rambling now.
    3.when you wrote do we call an arab and amish white because they look white....i know u were trying to make a point but you could of worded it better...it sounds stupid because amish is a religionists term for a sect of dutch christians/cult in the Americas...its not a ethnic group/race or nationality....lol
    Its about as stupid as how a lot of people use the term Muslims as if it were a race or ethnicity when its just a term to describe follows of islam...
  4. We dont euro americans mixed because the mixture is not enough to boyher even labeling them mixed...(every single human being on earth has some degree of mixture so it would be dumb to call everyone mixed race if they are not at least 25 percent or more mixed.
  5. Italians,irish,english and german etc etc are not seperate races they are all a part of the West Eurasian(caucasoid race)so are arabs,people from india and pakistan,afghanistan,iran and most of north africa) i mean YOU know the difference between race ethnicity and nationality right? If not maybe you shouldnt be writing articles since you are spreading misinformation to the masses...and native america s of the americas are a part of the East eurasian(formerly mongolid race) that includes native americans,central asians,north asians,east asians,south east asians and polynesians etc....(90% of natuve american are of male ydna Q the same Dna found all over Siberia and Turks(actual turks of the east asian race not the Turkish people of turkey who are not Real turks but are native anatolians who were co quered and assimilated by Turks in the 11th century ad)
    Sorry for my english grammar and spelling I am Vietnamese not a native born English speaker...
TheVietnamese702
TheVietnamese702

Random fact. The navajo indians speak a language distanant related to the Asian language called Ket and they share the same Ydna and mTdna. The Ket people of asia(siberia)call themselves diiine/dling which like dine i. Navajo means person/human.

SilverBogan
SilverBogan

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Cacique1979
Cacique1979

When we decided to face the fact that the Aborigines or copper color tribes are the true inhabitants, but their were other tribes here, then we must all embrace this truth. Their are books & knowledge that is suppressed, to mislead everyone into these conversations. We were told that the Mongols (meaning Great Kingdom) walked over, but their are books like ( Historical Research On The Conquest of Peru, Mexico, Bogota, Natchez, & Talomeco, the 13th Century, by the Mongols); in this book, it tells a different account, which is all military information, about how the Asian people we call Native American today. This will clear up anything you want to know about who's who in America. Spain is not the 1st invaders; even digging into Spanish history will be shockingly important, to find out it was a colony established by the Phoenicians before it was a country! Another book called (Queen Moo & the Egyptian Sphinx), will lift eye lids to the self proclaimed Egyptian scholars & regular people who only take what's out here as face value. I've purchased our tribal flags from Spain, being they are not made in America; learning that we had a government, established a spice trade with European powers & had older treaties with the Kings for these nations was amazing. I work with people from Mexico & Honduras, who speak little to no English; they know nothing about the pyramids or Mayans & Aztec. I've been invited as an exchange student to France & Spain, but turned it down for fear of my plane crashing. In 3rd grade, my school played the movie Roots. I was offended by the movie. So I purchased a African medallion. Went to my grandma house, who never went to public schools. She asked me what my medallion mean, I told her we were African American; she asked, is that what they teach you in those places these day's. She laughed at me & said, son, if you want to know about your people, start searching in South & Central America. That when Florida was still connected to Central America, we walked up here. She said names like Belize, Guatemala & Peru. Me a 3rd grader, never heard these names or saw a map at that age. So I've been on a journey for truth. I challenged everything I was told from that day on. Now with all this contradiction, why would you say African-American (which means African or American), as to mislead us from truth. Library of Congress( African-American is a code word for Native American and just because they were not born in their indigenous tribes, does not give the United States or any State the right to treat them any differently). This is what will happen when you upset the Aborigines! Those who have land still today, which my family does, know who we are. Your complexion doesn't identify your tribe or nation. This article was written to subconsciously attack the Aborigines that are awoken. Africa was a colony created by Rome after the defeat of Carthage. The whole continent was never called Africa till modern times. Along with it's many name's, is not the topic or an issue on names. America had many name's also; depending on who was talking. So track your migration & then write about that. If you're people invaded, it's ok, no body wants to be the bad guy!

Ort
Ort

I agree with you, I take my DNA 2 time and I look up my father family tree. There are Latino that don't know there DNA right down to family tree. How can you say your some if you have not take time to touch the root of your tree. I still agree with you and you spoke the word I would said.

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Williamson
Williamson

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Unegv Soquili
Unegv Soquili

I am Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama im a third generation Borcua Cheroquí Freedman and a 8th generation Negro irlandés Canarian of Tenerife and 8th generation out of indoAfrican Slavery

SillkStone
SillkStone

Saddest part to me personally, is that my people were entirely left out of the conversation because of what a great job the Spaniards did when they came to our land that you all know as Colombia, the land of the most popular indigenous myth, the Legend of El Dorado.

Growing up brown was difficult because of the blatant colorism that still exists in Colombia. The whiter you are, the more class and respect you have. The browner your skin is the more uneducated or ignorant you are to them. "Tira flechas" The Spaniards even went out of their way to confuse people with the real name of our people by replacing it with a disrespectful name such as "Muisca" comes from mozca, which means fly. As if we were pests to them.
Our name is the Chibcha.

I refuse to identify as anything else.

docwilder
docwilder

@demzeo How can you tell someone with Native ancestry, with native blood running through their veins that they are not Native. What if I applied your logic to you and say I think you have been assimilated into manifestations of whiteness as you can read and write English, therefore, you are not Native. If you say that being Native equates to "way of life" , Native identity, therefore can be stolen by feigning Native culture and "way of life" and then claiming to be Native. It is ancestry (which can be proven by dna testing) that equates someone as being Native and many if not most of Mexicans, Central and South Americans are Native.

Latin-People
Latin-People

All of you are confused. Latino/Latin doesn't mean what you think that it means. The term to be used by you is "Latin American" and not Latino. Latino doesn't have anything to do with the Spanish-speaking people of the Americas and "Latino" was not coined by the French either. The Latin European colonizers, French, Portuguese and Spaniards, coined the term "Latin America" for that part of this continent and the reason why it was called "LATIN" America was because their languages, French, Portuguese and Spanish, originate from the Latin language of the Romans (Lingua Latina). Latino which means Latin in English (Same word) refers to the Latin Language spoken by the Romans, to the languages originating from the Latin known as Romance languages: Italian, French, Romanian, Portuguese and Spanish and Latino/Latin refers to the Latin Culture of the Romans. You cannot take Latin American and make it Latino. The two have different meaning. Latino/Latin is the linguistic and cultural heritage of the Italians and of the Latin Europeans. You are "Latin Americans"and not even "Latino Americans" because when writing or talking in English it's grammatically incorrect to say "Latino". In English it's "LATIN". Also Latino/Latin has nothing to do with race or ethnicity. The U.S. Census Bureau has "Latino" as an Ethnicity for you the Spanish-speaking people of the Americas. WRONG. Not supported by history. This Latino label was chosen by an Hispanic instead of "Latin American" without knowing what Latino/Latin really means and where the great language and culture comes from.
To conclude: There is no Latino/Latin Race, there is no Latino/Latin Ethnicity, there no Latino/Latin Skin Color, there is no Latino/Latin DNA, there is no Latino/Latin Blood, there is no Latino/Latin Food, there is no Latino/Latin Music, there is no Latino/Latin Dance. It's all your invention. And the term "Being Latin" can only be used when in a conversation one has to identify his/her linguistic and cultural identity. This is the only time a person, even for the real European Latins, when one can use the term Latino/Latin. People from Latin America must identify themselves either by their country of origin: Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba etc., etc., or by saying "Latin American".

NKent805
NKent805

Hispanic people have denied their own indigenous ancestry for generations, and they were colonizers of the Native American people of the United States in the Southwest. They were agents for the missionization and colonization for Spain. This arrival is a bunch of bullshit. Though their are indigenous people that have been oppressed by Mestizos , they should not be considered indigenous in the USA. Most Hispanics have native ancestors that were detribalized since the Spanish conquistadors in 1492. This is the most stupid I have ever read in Indian Country Today.

NKent805
NKent805

Mexican Colonist working as agents for the Spanish Crown and Missionary Father Serra literally invaded California indigenous people, enslaved indigenous people in their missions, raped woman and girls, Killed our men, infected them with disease, and stole their lands right out from under them. The Mexican invaders had indigenous, African and European ancestry , even though they had indigenous ancestry they denied it, and claimed they were Spaniards , Mestizos had no loyalty to indigenous people, and were brutal to anyone who tried to fight their invasion and colonization of their homelands!! They never considered themselves indigenous and couldn’t tell the name or tribe of their last indigenous ancestor. And the reason for this is because they had already been detribalized since the early 1500s, as soon as the Spaniards came to the Americas. So no Native Americans have no reason to accept Latinos as indigenous, especially not to lands in what I’d now the Southwestern USA, or anywhere else in the USA!!

NKent805
NKent805

What gets me is Latinos don’t even know what tribes their ancestors came from, they have never claimed indigenous identity in the years after European invasion, they worshipped and were agents for the Spanish Crown and conquistadors, their governments never recognized them as indigenous, but when they get to the USA and see a Native American people and cultures and they all want to start calling themselves Native American. They think just because they have Indigenous ancestry from hundreds of years ago that their ancestors never claimed, that we are all the same everywhere and are the equivalent to real Native Americans nations. What they don’t seem to know is that Native Americans don’t just see them as indigenous to two continents, but indigenous to a particular ancestral territories that their ancestors lived on for millennia, and fought the European and Sometimes Mexican invaders for!

NKent805
NKent805

When Latinos and Indigenous people leave their homelands and migrate to the USA, they are not indigenous to US , You are only native to the land your indigenous ancestors lived for millennia. You are not Native to the land that now makes up the USA! You don’t get to colonize some other tribes homelands and call yourself a native American ! It’s still colonization of place and identity!

NKent805
NKent805

You Latinos are so pathetic!! Damn right Natives are gatekeepers to THEIR birthright in their homelands. If you want to be Native so bad , go be Native in your own countries, in your own territories, from your own governments. In what is now the USA Native Nations were independent entities and the Mexicans were enemies to most Native Americans because they were colonizers who wanted to colonize their homelands. You live in a mythological pan-Indian fantasy!! Grow up!!

NKent805
NKent805

There were NO Asians or Asia, 30, 000 years ago! There were no Japanese, Korean, or Chinese people at that time. They came thousands of years after the ancestral Native Americans came into existence in the Americas. If anything , East Asians formed from an back migration of ancestral Native Americans and a population of Southeast Asians 6,000. Most Native Americans do not have epicanthic eye folds like East Asians and Inuit.

BMikel
BMikel

Your beginning to sound like every other white hate monger spotting off without facts to back-up what you say. Don't one of those people (trumpets) who try to downplay every other opinion that isn't the same as yours. All native Americans have mongol,east Asian and oceana in our DNA . Research it ,the info is out there with a little work you can find anything. I feel lucky no other generation has the access we have . We can locate and save so much together, don't turn into those we despise. use their knowledge and tools against them .
Respectfully with a different opinion.

BMikel
BMikel

Most opinions agree we showed around 12,000 years .you've got to admit we did a better job managing our resources without destroying ourselves and our environment without overpopelation and treating the mother with respect

julius.
julius.

what the author says makes sense. i've often thought of this as well and have come to the same conclusions. however it is very difficult for all indigenous people throughout the american continent to come together. As the author said because we call ourselves latinos the children become untinterested and walk away from their true nature, i've seen this happen with my very eyes. it's sad young people calling themselves mestizos when they have the face of atahualpa, o como dicen en mexico " tiene el nopal en la frente" lol. also it would be difficult to unite because most, not all of indigenous people in the USA don't like to be mixed in or compared to indigenous people from the south. it's a sad reality. I hope one day we can all accept and love ourselves and our roots. not only that but the understanding and acceptance of other cultures and beliefs. Only then can we have true peace.

leindiomalo
leindiomalo

We should look for ways to connect indigenous people, not trying to prove our separation. I was born in Guatemala, Ki'che mayan/Spaniard mixed, I moved to the U.S with my family in the 80's during the genocide that took the lives of 300,000+ natives. Mostly Indigenous population. We were refugees fleeing a genocide, mass graves etc. So you mean to tell me that Native Americans will not recognize us. Thats a real shame, that you have chosen this route.

Please make it public though, send an email, a news conference a memo or something because most of us didn't know you were compromised like that. I thought us "Indians" where fighting the same enemy. Im serious I will call you guys out, if this is truly how native Americans feel, you better let us "Hispanics Indios" know. Just so that its clear.

Big Momma
Big Momma

Hey "The Vietnamese" you've added some good facts to the conversation. But you had some inaccuracies. Polynesians do not belong to the mongaloid race but the australoid, which is more like a catagory for miscellaneous Pacific people than an actual race. We could get into the most common theory of where the Polynesians migrated from but I ain't typing all that with a thumb. Also the peoples of from the Indian sub-continent are not considered caucasoid but of mixed race caucasoid, mongaloid, australoid and part of races that no longer exist on their own like the negrito race. Depending on what geographic region these people may favor on race more than the other. But in regards to most of your comments I'm with you.

Silversong
Silversong

WOW......the devil has done a good job in making us HATE one another!!!......I grew up ashamed of 1, being brown,2 of knowing somewhere in my heritage that I had some Indian blood in me, and for having a name like Sylvia, a name that did not sound “white”. .....I am 65 yrs old now and cry because I felt like that growing up in SoCal......part of it was being “whitewashed” and part because some children don’t like being different. I grew up in the era of not being allowed to be brown and proud.....so as I sit here with all this hate, I 😢.....I have now come to love the color of my skin and proud that I have 54% indigenous in me, along w / other people’s of this world. I am just sad that it took me most of my life to recognize this and sad because I taught this to my children and grandkids. We r all starting to embrace this, but have a long way to go.....the “white man” did so much damage, PLEASE let us unite instead of tearing each other apart , we all have a lot to learn✌🏾.....I am reading a book called....The Other Slavery.....”Our” history is so messed up in all ways.....I pray that Gods people be Blessed and that all will find the LOVE that has been so trampled on.👵🏼

Jalf89
Jalf89

How is it modern mexicans fault that some mexicans in the past got torn away from their true native culture, and were fooled into acting on behalf of Spain? How is their fault now in modern times. Yes, it makes sense, mexicans are not native to parts of the USA, but these countries and borders are imaginary. That is not to say that Mexicans , those who wish to reclaim their ancestry or native ways should go about and claim the status of Native americans and their tribes and any benefits that have occurred as a result of the arrangements that have been made between the USA and Native Americans and tribes. I do think however it does disservice to Native Americans in the USA when they choose to be exclusionary towards Native Americans from Mexico, or Hispanics especially when they are attempting to simply seek some commonality with Native americans herein. I do understand the risk or the idea that native american causes are diluted by suddenly having a lot of people claiming some sort of indigenous heritage, but the fact is you cannot deny some one like me to answer honestly when asked what my race or ethnicity is, or any “hispanic”- we are indigenous and white, and some of us are purely indigenous. Would it not be better for Native americans in the USA instead to connect with some of us , especially those who wish to in some way restore what we lost because of colonialism, in order to educate us about who you are (tribes here in the USA) and your practices and what is happening to you and what your customs are and what is disrespectful. Would It not be better so that us who were so painfully turned against you in the past and painfully torn from our indigenous culture in the past, and who now must live as your neighbours know what your causes And struggles are, that way we can also fight with you for justice and make your livelihood better? After all most hispanics who are willing to say that they have indigenous blood are also struggling with our own people who wish to deny their DNA and are in love with white people. Why should we then be pushed back from you when you want us to deny our past when we simply want to know you and appreciate you. I am not suggesting That all arms should be open to all Hispanics, a lot of them really do wish they were purely white, sadly, and are working for that goal and for our falling and to erase that part of themselves that is like you. But we are not all in the same wagon. You should consider what is best nor for oneself but for the land. When Hispanics, those who Do have indigenous dna and a passion for restoring some part of that nature, they begin to understand your struggles and to see the lands that you hold as sacred in the same light, that is as sacred.