AMERIND Critical Infrastructure: Broadband Builds Tribal Communities


Broadband—also known as high-speed Internet—is today’s critical infrastructure. From education to health care, public safety to Tribal housing, broadband provides the platform to build Tribal communities. For example, distance learning supports language preservation by allowing Native language classes to be conducted online. Telemedicine increases access to specialists and preventative care that can be lifesaving while allowing Tribal members to remain in their communities. Shorter response times for police and fire fighters mean that homes and lives can be saved.

But the Internet revolution has largely bypassed Indian Country, with companies unwilling to provide their high-speed services to rural and remote Tribal communities. AMERIND Critical Infrastructure (ACI) was created to help Tribes address this disparity.

Why ACI?

The ACI team brings a unique blend of federal Indian law and broadband policy experience, as well as on-the-ground experience managing federal subsidies, grants, and loans. Geoffrey Blackwell, AMERIND’s Chief Strategy Officer and General Counsel, and Irene Flannery, Director of ACI, bring over 25 years of experience at the Federal Communications Commission, creating broadband, telecommunications, and broadcast policies and rules for Indian Country and managing federal broadband subsidies. And Kimball Sekaquaptewa, Manager of ACI, brings over 16 years of experience managing federal subsidy, grant, and loan programs in Tribal communities. “ACI is the full package,” says Flannery.

Most recently, ACI helped New Mexico Pueblos bring broadband to their communities.

Two New Mexico Tribal consortium applications were recently awarded a total of almost $8 million in federal E-rate funds to bring broadband to their schools and libraries. The funding awarded to these two applications—one filed on behalf of the Santa Ana, San Felipe, Santo Domingo and Cochiti Pueblos, and the other filed on behalf of the Jemez and Zia Pueblos—will be used to construct Tribally owned fiber broadband networks. “Tribal schools and libraries have been going at it alone to increase their access to broadband Internet—with limited and varied success. “The new E-rate opportunities allowed the two Tribal consortia in New Mexico to address connectivity issues together by aggregating demand and working with our Tribal neighbors, to create a network that is exponentially faster at a fraction of the cost,” Sekaquaptewa said. “These applications show what E-rate can—and up until now has been unable to—accomplish in Tribal communities. They are bringing connectivity to Tribal schools and libraries that, but for E-rate dollars, would never enjoy benefits that 21st Century fiber connectivity provides,” Flannery said.

What Can ACI Do For Your Tribal Community?

The lack of broadband connectivity is too large a problem to solve as a school, library, clinic, or Tribal administration. It requires that different department and agencies come together to identify common needs and then put together a community-based solution. “It is time to envision what digital Tribal communities look like,” says Sekaquaptewa.

ACI is not your typical consultant that will come in and give you a one size fits all approach to broadband deployment. Instead, the ACI team puts you—the Tribal client—first, and will work with you to determine your community’s needs and develop a plan tailored to those needs. “Really, one size fits none,” says Flannery. ACI offers services such as strategic planning for sovereign Tribal broadband deployment; broadband subsidy, grant, and loan management; regulatory management and compliance; and social impact funding.

But what exactly does this mean to your Tribal community?

Building Tribal Economies

Because traditional providers have not deployed broadband in Tribal communities—and that is not going to change—the time is now for Tribes to decide their path forward. The creation and continued growth of Tribally owned and operated broadband providers spurs Tribal economies, and Tribal ownership brings enhanced services to the community. The result is better broadband choices for homes, businesses, and Tribal anchor institutions. Profit stays local and improves economic well-being in Indian County.

Bringing and Keeping Dollars in Indian Country

Broadband subsidy, grant, and loan programs—such as the E-rate program for schools and libraries—bring federal dollars to Tribal communities. There is a lot of federal money out there to help bring broadband to rural communities, but things are changing in Washington, DC. “Now is the time for Tribal communities to benefit from these federal dollars,” said Flannery. The result is that broadband investment in Tribal communities brings improved education, health care, and community development.

Advancing Tribal Voices

Tribally owned and operated broadcast radio stations and online media enhance preservation of Native language and culture. Tribal radio enhances public safety by ensuring that local Tribal news and content is broadcast. “With a federal Tribal Priority that takes away the cost of the broadcast license, now is the time to start a Tribal radio station and, at the same time, create a valuable economic asset,” says Blackwell. The result is stronger, safer Tribal communities.

Reach Out to the ACI Team

The ACI team is ready to work with you to develop a plan to bring broadband to your Tribal community. We look forward to hearing from you and sitting down to figure out together a path forward.

Irene Flannery, Director of ACI, iflannery@amerindrisk.org, (office) 505-404-5000 (cell) 202-262-4549


U.S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.) speaks at the Santa Fe Indian School with Tribal representatives about the legislation he plans to introduce to improve broadband connectivity in Indian Country.

Heinrich Hosts Tribal Broadband Listening Session In Santa Fe

“Access to high-speed internet is increasingly essential to daily life. We must take steps to connect all of our Tribal communities to the internet so all of our students and children can compete on an even playing field and learn the skills they need to succeed in the 21st century,” said Senator Heinrich. “Strengthening broadband access across New Mexico, particularly in our rural and Tribal communities, will improve education, boost the economy and increase public safety and civic engagement.”

The discussion focused on the FCC Schools and Libraries Program, known as E-rate, that provides discounts to assist most schools and libraries obtain high-speed internet access and telecommunications at affordable rates. While most of the nation’s public libraries have received E-rate support, only an estimated 15 percent of Tribal libraries receive E-rate funds. Information on Senator Heinrich’s bill, the Tribal Connect Act of 2017, is available at heinrich.senate.gov/download/Tribal-connect-act-one-pager.

“Tribal schools and libraries have been going at it alone to increase their access to broadband Internet—with limited and varied success. The new E-rate opportunities allowed the two Tribal consortia in New Mexico to address connectivity issues together by aggregating demand and working with our Tribal neighbors, to create a network that is exponentially faster at a fraction of the cost. Equally importantly, we designed it to bring new distance learning potential to the Pueblos, including peering with UNM for higher education opportunities and with our pueblo schools to use technology for Native language revitalization,” said Kimball Sekaquaptewa, Manager of AMERIND Critical Infrastructure. “As tribes, we are doing what others have not done. By working together, we are solving the lack of broadband on Tribal lands for improved educational outcomes for our youth and overall community well-being. These Tribal consortia applications are a model for how E-Rate can succeed and make a profound difference in Indian Country.”