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20th Chief Big Foot Memorial Ride


Chief Arvol Looking Horse, Lakota spiritual leader and 19th generation keeper of the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe, right, addressed horseback riders near Kyle, S.D., on the Pine Ridge Reservation during the 20th anniversary of the Chief Big Foot Memorial Ride on Dec. 28, 2006. Hundreds of riders headed to Porcupine and, later, the Wounded Knee Memorial. More than 150 Lakota men, women and children were massacred by U.S. soldiers at Wounded Knee on Dec. 29, 1890; every year since 1986, riders have retraced the entire route to commemorate the fateful journey Chief Big Foot and his group took on their way to Pine Ridge more than 115 years ago.